Surazh is a small town on the bank of a very beautiful river Iput. It is not
intensely populated - there are near 12 thousand people who live there.

Unfortunately, Young people unwillingly come to live
here because of small salaries and lack of work places. But nevertheless
Surazh goes on attracting some people with its beauty, quietness and history.
And traditionally I'll start with history, because as we know history is a
key to many present events.
The first time Surazh was mentioned in Russian chronicle in 1618. That time
it was a small village Surazhichi which belonged to Mglinskaya company of
Starodubskiy regiment.

According to the census of
enumeration there were only 13 houses there. In 1781 the settlement got the
position of the town, and was called Surazh-upon-the-Iput.
Exactly because of this fact it was mistakenly considered for many years
that Surazh was founded that year. But historians proved that Surazh is 163
years older!The fist emblem of Surazh was a
bush of ripe hemp. It was written in the law that it would be an
emblem of Surazh because of great amount of this plant, and people there sold
it. In 1797 the part "at-the-Iput" was omitted, and the town was called just
Surazh. Sometimes to differ in from Surazh in Vitebskaya province our town
was called Northern-Surazh (Surazh-Severskiy).There are different point of
view on the name of our town. Some consider its name connected with Russian

dialect "suroshka" what means wet, low-lying place. And
the first title of the village Surazhichi meant that its population lived in
that marshland. In 1797 Surazh belonged to Malorossiyskaya province, and in
1802 to Chernigovskaya province. In 1803 Surazh became a chief town of a
district.
In 1865 a new emblem was designed. There
were 3 Byzantium coins on a sky-blue shield with silver edges framed with 8
flax flowers. At the top of the shield there should be a tower crown with 3
edges and surrounded with golden ears connected with Aleksandrovsraya ribbon.
But the imperator didn't proved this project. Before the repeal of serfdom 4
thousand people lived in Surazh. In 1870 there were 300 houses, 42 shops,
several small factories (candle factory, 2 leather, 3 butter and 2 brick
factories). According to the census of
enumeration of 1897 there were 900 houses and more than 5.8 thousand people
in the town. In 1880-s stone buildings of Treasury, town college and prison
were erected. Got rich merchant Lovyanov build a paper factory that produced
100-120 poods of cardboard per year.
It's very pleasant to walk along Surazh. It is not so noisy as many other
cities, the air is much fresher here and you can really feel you have
something to breathe. There are a lot of streets in the town, and one can
hardly say one of them is better than another one. But there are several
longest streets such as Lenin street,
Oktyabrskaya street

Belorusskaya street.


You can find a 
Treasury house,
a museum,
a lot of shops(магазины), the
central park in Lenin street. And obviously there's Lenin square
in it. Besides very close to it school number 2 is situated.
It consists of 2 buildings: one of them is old (during the war it was a
prison), and another is new .

There are many interesting things on your way down to this street. It is
considered to be the central street of the town therefore there are almost
all the main institutions and offices in Lenin street. Going down the street
you are sure to come up to the central park (that's the only park in the
town, to tell the truth).

It's very beautiful and unlike many other
parks I've ever seen. First of all, it's very calm and quite. Sometimes you
can hear just the noise of rides and some music. But it is not always so and
therefore you can enjoy yourself, chat with your friends or just "listen to
your heart" sitting on the bench. You may also walk along the pathes,
breathing fresh air.
There are several ways in the park leading to the river. You may follow any
of them but you'd better go that one leading to the bridge. When you come
there, you think it’s the most marvelous and wonderful view you've ever seen.
But do not hurry to make conclusions. If you go further to the end of the
bridge, you'll come to the cardboard factory, and see
such a either.
great river valley... But it's not all
You should go further to the Tank monument), go round it and go
a bit down to see the "beauty", I mean the real natural beauty. It's
impossible to describe that incredible rifts and strong and tough streams of
water jumping over either the stones, or the roots or whatever there is. You
are sure to stay there no less than half an hour without moving and saying

any word. It fascinates so much!
But let us turn to the town, to its "urban" area, if I may say so. When you
leave the bridge and go to another side from the cardboard factory, you'll

come to the local museum. It's an old rather attractive 2-stored
building. Near 20 years ago there was no museum there but the hospital was
there. But then a new building for the hospital was erected, and it moved to
Belorusskaya street. And the local museum took its place. There are several
different exhibition halls in the museum. They are devoted to such different
topics as "Nature" (there are a lot of pictures of local artists), "The Great
Patriotic War", "Ancient culture in our district" and so on. You may spend
several hours walking from one hall to another listening to the speech of the
guide.
If till that moment you do not leave the idea of visiting the biggest streets
of Surazh you may go a bit back to the post office in Lenin street and then
turn right, and you'll come to Voroshilivov street. You may
go up and then down there you'll come to another old building. This is
maternity hospital now. But many years ago it was a manorial house).
It's really old but it looks and stays very firm though it needs repairing as
many ancient buildings. Then you may go to the hospital yard and see all the
hospital possessions. It's really large because in all the times people had a
lot of illnesses, and wanted to be cured.

Then when you leave the hospital yard near the ambulance hospital,
you'll come to Belorusskaya street, where you'll come across the school
number 1. It's the oldest school in Surazh. It was opened even before the
Great Patriotic War.

The coat factory "Surazhanka" was founded on the 15th of April, 1966. When it started, its staff
consisted of 150 members. But in 1969 was erected a new factory building made according to
the typical project of that time. The amount of workers grew too - it was near 400 people and
they had to work in two shifts. But history repeated, and nowadays the factory has only 150
people in its staff and they work in two shifts. Now they produce the clothes for children.


Surazh has its sightseengs as any city does. One of them is a chapel. It is a wonderful
archtecture masterpiece of the beginning of the 20th century. It was built by a lanowner Isaev for
his dead wife. In 1921 in one of the most stariving years in Russia gold was taken of from dome
of the chapel. And a bit later his wife was taken off to the cementery. But now it's being
reconstructed. And now people can enjoy its beautiful look.



Going down to the street you can see the district library (it's usually
called the library for adults because children can't borrow books from
there).
Not far from it, there are two other schools:
Lenin school
and school-nursery (it contains both primary
school
and nursery that makes it unique among other schools).
Going down from the schools you should pass one nursery to get to the
children's library.
Returning to the two schools and going a bit up one will come to Oktyabrskaya

street that is also considered to be one of the longest in Surazh..
The main things here are the fire emergency service, the central
(and the only) market and teacher training college.
We have one more reason to be proud we are from Surazh – we have our football
team "Proletariy”, the champion of our region.(фото с футбола)
So, our excursion is coming to its final... It was very pleasant for me to
show you our small, provincial but so wonderful town!.. Thank you for being
with me during our walk. I hope it'll help you to take the decision to come
to see everything with your own eyes and feel everything yourselves.

Thanks to Medvedko Helen for her great
contribution to creating this guide.